Allergist (Allergoloog)

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An allergist is an internist who specializes in allergology, which relates to allergies. Another, more modern name for allergist is also called internist-allergist. An allergist works with patients of all ages who have allergic conditions. The most common allergic conditions that humans can suffer from are caused by dust mites, animals, pollen, medicines, food and insect venom. These allergic conditions can cause various complaints, such as asthma, hay fever, eczema or food intolerance, which can cause people to experience problems in their daily functioning. In addition, there is the so-called occupational allergy, which can arise from the working conditions of people. An occupational allergy can be a new allergy or, for example, aggravates an existing allergy. With an allergy, the body reacts hypersensitively to certain substances and stimuli from the environment. Allergies can be caused in many ways and in many cases are very annoying and in some cases dangerous. In short, an allergy can best be described as a reaction of the immune system to foreign substances. If the immune system tries to render these substances harmless, an allergic reaction can occur in some cases because the immune system overreacts to the foreign substance. Despite the fact that an allergist deals with patients of all ages, allergies occur mainly in young patients. Patients are generally referred to an allergist by an ENT doctor, dermatologist, general practitioner or pediatrician. In the case of occupational diseases, this can also be done by a company doctor. In general, an allergist works within an outpatient clinic to conduct intake interviews with patients and to perform tests.

Thus, an allergist is an internist, who specializes in diagnosing and treating allergies. Most of the problems that people experience due to allergies arise from breathing air because the air is full of substances that can cause allergy in people. In addition, an allergy can be caused by the intake of substances, such as food and medicines. Also, people can react allergically to bee stings and wasp stings (insect poison). About twenty-five percent of all people suffer from allergies. An allergy is nothing but a violent reaction to certain substances, causing the body to give an exaggerated reaction. The most bitter thing about an allergy is that the substances that cause allergy are usually harmless substances that most people will not be bothered by. The immune system of people who suffer from allergies reacts to foreign substances, which manifests itself in an allergy. As described earlier, most patients are referred to an allergist by an ENT doctor, dermatologist, general practitioner, pediatrician or company doctor.


Although most allergies are only a nuisance, such as hay fever, an allergy can also take serious forms that can even be dangerous for people. A severe allergy is anaphylaxis that can cause life-threatening situations. An allergic reaction caused by anaphylaxis can cause anaphylactic shock in humans because the body reacts extremely to the foreign substances. Think of peanuts, latex and insect stings. An anaphylactic shock can itself be so severe that swelling occurs in and around the airways, which can cause danger to life. People who have the condition anaphylaxis therefore carry a syringe with adrenaline to give themselves an injection. Adrenaline is a body's own hormone that ensures the squeezing of the vessels in the skin. An allergist can perform physical examination in several ways.


  • Anaphylaxis;
  • Contact allergy;
  • Drug allergy;
  • Pet allergy;
  • Dust mite allergy;
  • Insect allergy;
  • Latexallergie;
  • Pollen allergy;
  • Urticaria - Angioedeem;
  • Food allergy.



Becoming an allergist is only possible by following the university course in medicine. After completing the medical training, you will have to apply to the Department of Allergology of the Academic Hospital Groningen or the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam. This training formally has the training internist-allergist. During this training, the allergist works independently but you are under the supervision of an experienced internist-allergist. The medical school does not make you an allergist. Accounting is also important as an entrepreneur.


An allergist generally works at the outpatient clinic within a hospital. In addition, it is conceivable that an allergist works for a specialized clinic. Consider, for example, an allergology center. An allergist can also work as an entrepreneur within a society. In most cases, you will be working for a teaching hospital.


As an allergist, you will have to have many competencies, and medical practice can be regarded as the most important competence. In addition, diagnosis plays an important role within this profession. Because an allergist often works with children, an allergist must have patience and empathy. Another important competence is communication because you have to deal with many different patients. Generally important words are plans, result orientation, collaboration, research skills, sense of responsibility, professional and stress resistance.


The labour market perspective as an allergist is good, partly because it is a heavy and long-term study. As an internist-allergist, obtaining work will not be a problem in most cases. The career opportunities must be seen in further specialization, for example to become an immunologist or possibly to promote. An internist allergist also researches a lot and can certainly be involved in scientific research.


If an allergist is employed, he will in many cases fall under the collective labour agreement for hospitals or the collective labour agreement for medical specialists, in which the terms of employment are regulated. The salary as an allergist employed will typically be between 6500 and 11000 gross per month, depending on age, years of service and further responsibilities. If an allergist works as an independent entrepreneur in, for example, a partnership, the salary can be many times higher.

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